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液化气钢瓶和其上的泄露缺欠,到底谁是危险源?看国内外7个标准

手机棋牌游戏出售YEHUAQIGANGPINGHEQISHANGDEXIELUQUEQIAN,DAODISHEISHIWEIXIANYUAN?KANGUONEIWAI7GEBIAOZHUN



7GEBIAOZHUNZHONGDEhazardDINGYI(BIAOTIZHONGDE“WEIXIANYUAN”,JINZHIGB/T28001ZHONGDEZHONGWEN“WEIXIANYUAN”YICI):


1.       BS OHSAS 18001:2007:source,situation, or act with a potential for harm in terms of human injury or illhealth (3.8), or acombination of these


2.      Z10:Hazard: Acondition, set of circumstances, or inherent property that can cause injury,illness, or death


3.      ISO/DIS 45001:sourceor situation with a potential to cause injury and illhealth (3.18)


4.      AS/NZS 4804:2001:A source or a situationwith a potential for harm in terms ofhuman injuryor ill-health, damage toproperty, damage to the environment, or a combination of these.


手机棋牌游戏出售5.      MIL-STD-882E:A real or potential condition that could lead to anunplanned event or series of events (i.e. mishap) resulting in death, injury,occupational illness, damage to or loss of equipment or property, or damage tothe environment.


6.      GB/T 28001-2011/OHSAS 18001:2007:KENENGDAOZHIRENSHENSHANGHAIHE(HUO)JIANKANGSUNHAIDEGENYUAN、ZHUANGTAIHUOXINGWEIHUOQIZUHE。


7.       AQ/T1093-2011:KENENGDAOZHISHANGHAIHUOJIBING、CAICHANSUNSHI、GONGZUOHUANJINGPOHUAIHUOZHEIXIEQINGKUANGZUHEDEGENYUANHUOZHUANGTAI。


FENXIZHEIXIEDINGYIDEDAO:


(1)HOUGUOSHISHIGUCHANSHENGDE,YINCIhazardBUSHIZHIJIECHANSHENGHOUGUO(SHANGHAI、JIBING、JINGJISUNSHI、HUANJINGPOHUAI),ERSHIXIANCHANSHENGSHIGU,ZAIYOUSHIGUCHANSHENGHOUGUO。882EDEhazardDINGYIZHENGHAOZUOZHENGLEZHEIGEJIELUN。


手机棋牌游戏出售(2)hazardHUIYINQIJIXINGSHANGHAISHIJIAN、MANXINGSHANGHAI(JIBING、GONGZUOJIBING、HUOZHEZHIYEBING)SHIJIAN、JINGJISUNSHISHIJIAN、HUANJINGPOHUAISHIJIAN,ZHEIXIEDOUSHIFUXIAOYINGSHIJIANJIDAILAISUNSHIDESHIJIAN,BATAMENDOUTONGYIJIAOZUOSHIGUSHIKEXINGDE,DOUYOUhazardYINQI。


手机棋牌游戏出售(3)hazardSHIDAOZHISHIGUDEYINSUHUOZHETIAOJIAN(BUYIDINGSHIGENYUAN),YEJIUSHISHIGUYUANYIN。YINCISHIGUYUANYIN、hazardSHIYIGEHANYI(JUANJIANZONGJU2007NIAN12YUEPIZHUN、2008NIAN2YUESHIXINGDE16HAOLING,YINHUANYESHIZHEIGEHANYI),ERQIEYEDOUKEYIKANZUOYIGESHIJIAN(LINGWENYOUSHUO:SHIGUYUANYIN、SHIGUBENSHEN、SHIGUHOUGUOYEDOUSHIYIGESHIJIAN)。


(4)hazard不是设备、人、材料、物质或者能量等本身,而是他们的一种状态、情形、情况等,正如上一篇博文所提到的,液化气钢瓶、煤气罐本身不是hazard,液化气钢瓶、手机棋牌游戏出售煤气罐上的某种能引起事故的状态比如泄露缺欠才是hazard。再拿设备为例,上述7个标准,没有一个标准说hazard是设备(把能量、物质也一样)本身,所以设备本身不是hazard,它的某种状态、状况(即危险状况)才是hazard。


(5)识别hazard是(状态、状况)是需要专业技能的!3岁小孩能认识的液化气钢瓶、手机棋牌游戏出售煤气罐,不是hazard,它上面的能引起事故的危险状态是hazard(事故原因),识别这个危险状态,不经训练、没有专业技能是肯定不行的。登记建档,需要记录的是这个(些)危险状态。治理hazard,也是治理其危险状态,而不是治理煤气罐本身(拿走了我怎么做饭呢?)。因此,hazard也是能消除的。


GUANJIANCI:GUONEIWAI, BIAOZHUN, hazard, HANYI


CANKAOWENXIAN:7GEBIAOZHUNZHONGWEIXIANYUANDEDINGYI、NEIRONGHEFENLEIYANJIU,ZHONGGUOANQUANKEXUEXUEBAO,2017(6)